The article focuses on the teachings and activities of Murshida Zumurrud Butta, who was initiated by Pīr Vilayat Inayat Khan, and has been active in Vienna since the mid 1990s. Butta is also a chirāg, and Universal Worship is celebrated. The article also covers the activities of Lisa Malin, the head of the Sufi Healing Order in Austria, also initiated by Pīr Vilayat.
The focus, however, is on what Kuehn and Pokorny call Butta’s “gender-inclusive, or what might be called feminist, hermeneutics” (71). These are explored at length. They have also had an impact on practice. Part of the central prayer of the Inayatiyya asks:
Allow us to recognize Thee in all Thy holy names and forms:
as Rama, as Krishna, as Shiva, as Buddha,
Let us know Thee as Abraham, as Solomon, as Zarathustra,
as Moses, as Jesus, as Muḥammad,and in many other names and forms known and unknown to the world
In Vienna, this is now:
Allow us to recognize Thee in all Thy holy names and forms:as Sītā, Rama, Rādhāand Krishna, as Pārvatī, Shiva, Tara and Buddha,Let us know Thee as Sarah, Hagar and Abraham, as Deborah, Solomon, Anahita and Zarathustra,as Asiya, Aaron, Miriam and Moses, as Mary, Jesus, Khadīja and Muḥammad,and in many other names and forms known and unknown to the world (74)
A rich and very interesting article.